Halong bay culture | Halong Bay Airport

Halong bay culture

Halong bay culture

Halong bay culture

Halong Bay is honored to be one of the cradle of mankind with several ancient civilizations developed in the land dated back 5,000 – 4,000 years ago, which contribute another precious value of the bay.

However, the Halong Culture has only been discovered and examined since French colonial time, around 65 years ago with 27 vestiges spreading through Halong Bay on small islets, mountains and hills bordering the sea, and a complicated system of primitive caves. Halong bay cruises

Achievements of restless investigations from both Vietnamese and international scientists are a variety of rock tools, most of which were created exquisitely with techniques like sharpening and polished sawing.

Halong bay culture

Halong bay culture

Thanks to this, ancient Halong citizens soon made unique tools and weapons for farming and hunting like felling axe, splitting axe, broad axe, hand axe, and hatchet. Amongst those, hand axes played critical part in the life of ancient Halong people, which is also considered the symbol of this civilization. In addition, “Halong Seal” (a kind of parallel slotted grater) also contributes on the trait of Halong culture.

Another noticeable feature of Halong culture lies in ceramic products, which are very diverse but unique and were made mainly on ceramic turntable. Ceramic products were the pride of the local people that helped Halong culture differentiates itself from other cultures during the same period of time.

In summary, based on all artifacts collected so far, Halong is said to possess developed culture with a completed kit of production tools for harvesting and hunting, and even agricultural activities and fishing activities, not to mention handicraft activities like ceramic producing, jewelry producing, or spinning weaving, etc. Travel to Vietnam

Halong – A site for archaeologists

In 1937, the accidental discovery of the first artifact by a glass craftsman in Ngoc Vung Island in Halong is later recognized as one of the cradles of mankind.

During that time, Vietnam was still a French colony; the discovery made archaeological enthusiasts came to Vietnam to exploring the ancient human civilization. From that time, a lot of discoveries has been found, in the Halong coastal area, such as thousands of antiques like stone tools, ceramic receptacles, stone jewelry and human’s bones, all dated back to Neolithic age.

After the liberation of Northern Vietnam in 1945, Vietnamese and Soviet archaeologists started working together. In 1960, an exploration crew found pieces of wherry of the ancient apes, and a lot of copper arrows, which are belong to Hung Kings period (from 2879 to 258 BC). The results from all of searches were clear evidences of an ancient civilization in Halong Bay dated back 3,500-5,000 years ago.

From 1960 until now, archaeologists have expanded their research to 40 sites in Halong and found strong evidences to prove that an even older civilization existed in Halong Bay area, not just 3-5 millenniums ago, but back to 18,000 – 7,000 years BC. Ancient people used to live scattered in the area of Halong Bay, Bai Tu Long Bay, Me Cung Cave, Tien Ong Cave, and Thien Long Cave. Collected artifacts such as eatable sea snails and rude working tools proved that people here lived mainly on fishing, collecting sea-snails and oysters, digging roots and bulbs. The most recent discovering was in 2006, when important antiques of Trong Dong Civilizations were found, including cavemen’s bones, stone axe, ceramic pieces, mollusk deposits used to make foods and jewelry.

Halong - A site for archaeologists

Halong – A site for archaeologists

Archaeological researches have been conducted restlessly in Halong Bay to decipher all the found artifacts from the ancient civilizations existed in Halong Bay. From all the evidences, archaeologists say that Halong Bay is one of many cradles of humankind.

The legend of Halong Bay

Although the name Halong Bay has made it to the world thanks to its world heritage title and one of the new Seven Wonders of the World, not many people know about the mystery beneath that name. In ancient Vietnamese, Halong literally means “descending dragon” and it is originated from a legend of this ancient land.

The legend says that during the old time when the country was newly formed, Vietnamese had to fight against fierce invaders coming from the North through the sea. Feeling sorry for the country, The Jade Emperor sent the Mother Dragon and her children descending on earth to help ancient Vietnamese people defend the country.

While the mighty enemies were attacking the main land, The Mother Dragon and her children suddenly appeared and incinerated the enemies with their divine fire and giant emeralds. The emeralds from the dragon’s mouth were scattered around the battlefield on the sea and formed an invincible defensive wall that left enemy battleship fleet sinking. Thanks to the dragons, the Northern invaders were finally swept away and the peace finally came back the South East Asian country once again. After thousands of years, the wall of emerald turned into island and islets of different sizes and shapes.

After the battle, The Mother Dragon and her children didn’t come back to the heaven, but stayed in the mortal world and turned into human form and help people planting, cropping, raising cattle, reclaiming, and expanding the country.

To remember the help of Mother Dragon and her children, the people live there from generation to generation name the bay where the Mother Dragon descended “Ha Long or Halong” and the bay where her children descended “Bai Tu Long”, which means “Thanks to the Dragon’s children”. This legend is also a part of the general belief that Vietnamese people’s has Dragon’s origins.

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